Program on Forced Migration and Health. The Sphere Project. Evaluation Report. Marci Van Dyke, MPH. Ronald Waldman, MD, MPH. January, The Sphere Handbook (English version): Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Disaster Response (Sphere Project Series) [The Sphere. Welcome to the Sphere Handbook, the most widely known and recognised set of common principles and universal minimum standards for humanitarian  Missing: ‎| ‎Must include: ‎


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Participation of the affected populations: Participation by sphere project 2004 affected population in shelter and settlement activities should be informed by existing practices though which housing and settlements are planned, constructed and maintained The provision of assistance from volunteer community labor teams or contracted labor can complement the involvement of individual households.


Such assistance is essential to support female-headed households, as sphere project 2004 may be at particular risk from sexual exploitation in seeking assistance for the construction of their shelter.

Minimum Sphere project 2004 in Health Services Healthy systems standard 5: Health information management Guidance note 4: Adequate precautions should be taken to protect the safety of the individual, as well as the data itself.

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  • Sphere and sustainability: A matter of time

Special consideration should be given to persons with intellectual, mental or sensory impairment, which may compromise their ability to give informed consent. Data that relate to injury caused by torture or other human rights violations including sexual assault must be treated with the utmost care.

Consideration may be given to passing on sphere project 2004 information to appropriate actors or institutions if the individual gives their informed consent. Essential health services - sexual and reproductive health standard 1: Reproductive health Guidance note 1: Minimum Initial Service Package: The cornerstone of this book is the Humanitarian Charter, which sphere project 2004 based on the principles and provisions of international humanitarian, human rights and refugee law, and on the principles of the Red Cross and NGO Code of Conduct.

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A possible solution sphere project 2004 be that Sphere adapts its standards introducing a temporal dimension. In such circumstances, the standards or their guidelines should encourage agencies to consider the evolution of the type of assistance provided over time.

sphere project 2004 However, this note does not define indicators that would estimate the sustainability of the response. In this respect, considering indicators such as the level of maintenance required, the availability of spare parts and the presence of trained personnel, would provide criteria on how to plan a maintenance system.

Agencies would then have to accompany their withdrawal by gradually substituting the quickly set-up, and too often unsustainable systems, with a system that the recipient populations can afford to operate sphere project 2004 maintain. Sustainable water systems require appropriate technological choices.

Sphere and sustainability: A matter of time | The Journal of Humanitarian Assistance

In a context such as Eastern Chad, boreholes equipped with manual pumps may be justified at the early stage of an emergency but they should be seconded with hand-dug wells, which can provide acceptable water quality if they are properly designed and equipped gravel pack filtering systems may be especially important.

This strategy is a trade-off between technological solutions and sustainability, which should in the long run bring appropriate and sphere project 2004 health benefits. It is only a sphere project 2004 of time.

The views expressed in this paper are solely those of the authors. References BBC Country profile: Is Sphere sphere project 2004 Right Tool? Bulletin of the World Health Organization, Vol. A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.