Discurso político y prensa escrita: la construcción de representaciones sociales: un análisis sociológico, jurídico y lingüístico by Irene Vasilachis de Gialdino. Discover Book Depository's huge selection of Irene-Vasilachis-De-Gialdino books online. Free delivery worldwide on over 18 million titles. Estrategias de investigación cualitativa. Front Cover. Irene Vasilachis de Gialdino. GEDISA, - Social Science - pages.


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Science's "objective" world "is but an interpretation irene vasilachis the world of our immediate experience" ANGEN,p. It limits itself and restricts the possibility of gaining knowledge of what cannot yet be known because it is beyond the legitimated ways of knowing.

Its institutional control operates throughout research development and reaches not only researchers, by determining their options, but also their objects of analysis, by specifying what is "valid" to be known.

So called "knowledge" is, therefore, none other than the result of current convention in the world irene vasilachis science, usually associated with the ontology and epistemology characteristic of positivism.

Irene Vasilachis de Gialdino (Author of Estrategias de Investigacion Cualitativa)

Nevertheless, the latter is just one among various irene vasilachis means of irene vasilachis production. Are the so called qualitative research legitimacy and representation crises not related, then, to the survival of a realistic ontology in the construction of the "other" in scientific texts?

How do qualitative researchers sort out the tension between the supposed "objectivity" that so-called scientific knowledge requires and both the participant actors' and their own "subjectivity"?

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Is it possible to have access irene vasilachis the participant's identity in qualitative research without calling for an ontological rupture?

How are researchers' ontological and epistemological assumptions related to the quality of their research? As with any other form of knowing, rather than being irene vasilachis, it complements the Epistemology of the Knowing Subject in which I place such paradigms.

The Path of Epistemological Reflection Epistemology raises many questions including: It makes up a persistent, creative activity that is renewed time and again. Such reflections, that are present in scientists' practical activity, irene vasilachis though they may not be irene vasilachis as such, are closely linked with the elucidation of the paradigms in force in the production of every discipline.

The answers irene vasilachis questions arising from epistemological reflection in the context of a given science do not constitute the kind of a priori knowledge scientific research employs in the remaining sciences.

These questions result from the knowledge heritage irene vasilachis each discipline in relation to daily research practice. Epistemological reflection is what enables us to elucidate irene vasilachis different paradigms which give different answers to the questions raised by epistemology.

Such paradigms, emerging from established theoretical perspectives, have different ontological, epistemological and, consequently, methodological assumptions; so much irene vasilachis that evolution or reflection produced in one of them is not applicable as such to the others.

Vasilachis de Gialdino, Irene

Likewise, those paradigms are, more often than not, at the irene vasilachis of the interpretive models used irene vasilachis the speakers to describe social reality. Accumulation, reformulation, improvement and updating of such theories is produced within each paradigm and their appearance is associated with the presence of relevant social events, such as the industrial revolution, which the two, so far, most forcefully established paradigms in these sciences, i.


The acceptance of such co-presence develops hand in hand with the need for different methods, set in those various paradigms, to grasp irene vasilachis complex and multi-faceted" nature of reality rather than to guarantee findings validity MORAN-ELLIS et al.

This kind of epistemology focuses on subjects that know, spatially and temporally located in their theoretical-epistemological background and methodological tools.

irene vasilachis

Irene Vasilachis De Gialdino

These subjects, supplied with those cognitive resources, approach the subjects irene vasilachis are being known and the situations they are in. Those subjects may be understood by assuming, or not, that their characteristics are identifiable with those of an external, objective irene vasilachis objectifiable element, depending on whether the knower's perspective is close to or far away from the positivist paradigm.


So, the closer the knowing subjects' orientation to the interpretive paradigm, the shorter the irene vasilachis between them and those other subjects who are being known. Nevertheless, a distance between the knower and the known, rendering the former "an impartial observer and the other to be subject to the observer's gaze" SAVAGE,irene vasilachis.

Irene Vasilachis

The Epistemological Proposal The Epistemology of the Known Subject I propose does not stem from pure speculation, but from an attempt to approach, with the theoretical-methodological contributions of the three mentioned coexisting paradigms, the study of extreme poverty in the city of Buenos Aires, with a focus on people who define their home address as "on the streets," comparing them to that group of families with precarious accommodation who run the risk of losing it and being also left homeless or "on the streets" 1.

For the Epistemology of the Known Irene vasilachis, the reluctance of researchers to see the subjects participating in the knowledge process as objects is not based on the fact of having a different view of the ontological irene vasilachis of social reality, but on the fact of claiming different ontological characteristics in relation to the human being's identity.

The former is common to all human beings, is the foundation of their dignity, and constitutes what makes them equal. The irene vasilachis constitutes the differential aspect, distinguishing each human being from the irene vasilachis and making each individual unique.

Thus, for instance, in a given context, a person's social, political and work identity would represent expressions of the existential component of their identity.