The Neapolitan Benedetto Croce (–) was a dominant figure in the first half of the twentieth century in aesthetics and literary criticism,  ‎The Primacy of the · ‎Intuition and Expression · ‎Later Developments · ‎Problems. The leading Italian philosopher of his day, Croce presented his philosophy as a humanist alternative to the consolations of religion. A Hegelian idealist, he. Croce, Benedetto synonyms, Croce, Benedetto pronunciation, Croce, Benedetto translation, English dictionary definition of Croce, Benedetto. Benedetto.


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And morality tells the practical sciences what ends in particular they croce benedetto pursue. Thus Croce regarded this as one of his key insights: All mental activity, which means the whole of reality, is founded on the aesthetic, which has no end or purpose of its own, croce benedetto of course no concepts or judgements.

Croce, Benedetto (–) |

This includes the concept of existence or reality: To say the world is essentially history is to say croce benedetto at the lowest level it is aesthetic experiences woven into a single fabric, a world-narrative, with croce benedetto added judgement that it is real, that it exists.

Croce takes this to be inevitable: Therefore the only rigorous view is that the past is no less real than the present.

History then represents, by definition, the only all-encompassing account of reality.


What we call the natural sciences then are impure, croce benedetto. Consider for example the concept of a space-time point.

Its significance, like that of other pseudo-concepts, is pragmatic. In fact the vast majority of concepts—house, reptile, tree—are mere adventitious collections croce benedetto things that are formulated in response to practical needs, and thus cannot, however exact the croce benedetto of the corresponding science, attain to truth or knowledge.

Benedetto Croce

What Croce benedetto calls pure concepts, croce benedetto contrast, are characterised by their possession of expressiveness, universality and concreteness, and they perform their office by a priori synthesis this accounts for character mentioned above.

What this means it that everything we can perceive or imagine—every representation or intuition—will necessarily have all three: Empirical concepts, then, like heat, are concrete but not universal; mathematical concepts, like number, are universal but not concrete.

Examples of pure concepts are rare, but those recognized by Croce are finality, quality and beauty. For Croce the intuition is an organic whole, such that to analyze it into atoms is always a false abstraction: This principle has for Croce a profound significance: We must hold firmly to our croce benedetto, because among the principal reasons which have prevented Aesthetic, the science of art, from revealing the true nature of art, its real roots croce benedetto human nature, has been its separation from the general spiritual life, the having made of it a sort of special function or aristocratic club….

Benedetto Croce - Wikipedia

There is not … a special chemical theory of stones as distinct from mountains. In the same way, there is not a science of lesser intuition as distinct from a science of croce benedetto intuition, nor croce benedetto of ordinary intuition as distinct from artistic intuition.

Intuition and Expression We now reach the most famous and notorious Crocean doctrine concerning art.

Although he made numerous enemies, by he had become Italy's most influential intellectual, and he was becoming one of the best known in the world. His early encounters led Croce to a life-long engagement with Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel —whom he first treated systematically in an essay published in As Croce saw it, Hegel had been on the right track in conceiving croce benedetto world as historical, and even as a totality.

But he had confused distincts with opposites and thus had assumed that art, for example, might be overcome dialectically in philosophy, or absolute knowledge. In presupposing an a priori frame and telos, croce benedetto spirit becoming aware of its own freedom, Hegel was positing too much as given a priori, to be discovered, or to come to human consciousness, through historical experience.

Croce, Benedetto - definition of Croce, Benedetto by The Free Dictionary

For Croce, the future is more radically open to creative human response. Encounter with Hegel helped Croce build from the Aesthetic to a quasi-systematic philosophy, especially in the twin works of —, Logica come scienza del concetto puro Logic croce benedetto the Science of the Pure Concepton the cognitive or theoretical side of human activity, and Filosofia della pratica: Another warning must not be omitted: Aesthetics is really the whole of philosophy, but with special emphasis on that side of it which concerns art.

Many have demanded or imagined or desired a self-contained aesthetics, devoid of any general philosophical implications, and consistent with more than one, or with any, philosophy; but the project is impossible of execution because self-contradictory.

Even those who promise to expound a naturalistic, inductive, physical, physiological or psychological aesthetics—in a word, a non-philosophical aesthetics—when they pass from promise croce benedetto performance surreptitiously introduce a general positivistic, naturalistic or even materialistic philosophy.